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Dry Eyes & Blepharitis Experts


Dry Eye Related Medical Terms Explained Simply

COMMON MEDICAL DRY EYE TERMS

Blepharitis
inflammation or infection of the Meibomian Glands leading to a discharge of mucus on the eyelids

Conjunctivitis
inflammation or infection of the outer (surface) cells (conjunctiva) of the eye leading to swollen blood vessels and red eye appearance

Cornea
The central dome of the eye that is clear of blood vessesl so that vision may be unobscured

Cicatrical Conjunctivitis

affection that causes scarring of the conjunctiva initially and then the cornea

Chalazion / Hordeolum
A Chalazion is a blocked Meibomian gland whereas as Hordeolum or Stye, Sty (US), is an infected blocked Meibomian Gland

Goblet Cells
secrete mucus tear adhesion layer onto the surface of the eye

Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca
from the Latin for surface of the eye being dry

Lacrimal Glands
secrete wet salty tears to protect and lubricate the eye   

Meibomian Gland
the pores between the eyelashes that secrete the oily component of the tear film

Pterygium
Triangular growth over the cornea caused by prolonged exposure to strong sunlight and dry conditions

Punctal Occlusion

The Puncta are the ducts in the nasal corners of each eye. Puncta can be occluded or blocked by specialists wishing to reduce tear drainage

Schirmer's Test
a small strip of filter paper inserted under the eye lid for 5 minutes reveals how much tear film exists

Sjögrens Syndrome
an auto-immune disease which causes normal lubricating secretions around the body to dry up

Xerophthalmus
from the Greek for dry and eye, abnormal dryness of cornea and conjunctiva

PROFESSIONAL ROLES

Dispensing Optician
manages the correct fitting of spectacles and may also include contact lenses after optional certification

General Practitioner
medical doctor with general responsibilities for community health care, often with some specialist expertise

Nurse Independent Prescriber
since 2006 some nurses may prescribe non-controlled (simple & safe) drugs within their area of expertise

Ophthalmic Optician (Optometrist)
professional who conducts the sight test and are trained to recognise and participate in eye disease. Many have special expertise in low vision support

Ophthalmologist
medical doctor, specialising in eyes, most are practising surgeons (for historical reasons surgeons have the title Mr instead of Dr)

Pharmacist
highly trained in medicines to supervise the range and dosage of treatments that individuals have had prescribed. Also advise on a full range of non prescription medicine

If you have another question ask it here in our friendly dry eyes forum